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  帮你罗列了以下有关私立寄宿高中常用词汇,并附上中文解释,望对你在寻找学校地过程中助上一臂之力。


  ACT (American College Testing 美国大学测试)

  ACT是美国大学测试的缩写。ACT和SAT考试是美国两个最普通的高校标准化测试,考察学生进入大学学习的准备程度。

  ACT is an acronym for American College Testing program. ACT and the SAT are the two most common college standardized tests in the United States of academic readiness for college level studies.


  AP (Advanced Placement 大学先修课程)

  先修课程项目在全美和加拿大高中提供大学水平的课程。通过AP大学水平的课程和考试,学生可赚取大学学分,在招生过程中突出,获得成功进行大学学习的技能,并有机会接触全世界最有专门知识的老师。

  The Advanced Placement program offers college level courses at high schools across the United States and Canada. Through AP's college-level courses and exams, students can earn college credit and advanced placement, stand out in the admissions process, gain skills that will help them succeed in college, and learn from some of the most skilled, dedicated, and inspiring teachers in the world.


  寄宿学校 Boarding School

  寄宿学校不仅是学生学习的场所,还是在学期期间与同学和老师一起生活的地方。大多数寄宿学校也有走读生,他们主要是当地居民或教职员工的子女。在美国,寄宿制学校有时包括7到12年级,但大部分最有声誉的学校只有高中部分,即9到12年级。有的以军事训练为主。许多传统的新英格兰寄宿学校提供毕业后的一年学习项目(请参阅本词汇PG),以帮助学生为进入大学做准备。

  A boarding school is a school where some or all students not only study, but also live during term time, with their fellow students and possibly teachers. Most boarding schools also have day students who are local residents or children of faculty. In the United States, boarding schools sometimes comprise grades 7 through 12, but the most reputable cover only the high school years, from the 9th through the 12th grades. Some also feature military training, though this is generally offered only at specialized schools. Many New England boarding schools traditionally offer a post-graduate (See PG in this glossary) year of study in order to help students prepare for college entrance.


  少年团 Cadet

  少年团指军校中的学生。

  A cadet refers to a student in a military academy.


  CAP(大学衔接课程 College Articulation Program)

  CAP 是高校升学项目的英文首字母缩写。通过 CAP 取得的大学学分,通过可以转到学生高中毕业后进入的大学。

  CAP is an acronym for College Articulation Program. College credits earned through CAP usually transfer to the institution of higher education in which a student enrolls after graduation from high school.


  划船 Crew

  这是一种古老的划船运动,在很多寄宿学校中非常流行。一般在春季和秋季提供。学校参与区域及国际分站赛。诸如查尔斯和亨利划船活动吸引着来自世界各地的赛艇运动员。

  Crew is the ancient sport of rowing. Rowing in shells is very popular in many boarding schools. Crew is offered in the fall and spring. Schools participate in regional and international competitions called regattas. Events like The Head of the Charles and Henley draw rowers from all over the world.


  舍监 Dorm Master

  舍监负责和监督寄宿学生的宿舍生活,在许多方面,舍监成为一名代理家长,关心和指导善变的青少年稳定成长。

  A dorm master is a teacher who is in charge of and supervises a residential house of boarding school students. He or she in many ways becomes a surrogate parent providing stability and guidance for the mercurial adolescents in his care.


  ESL(英语作为第二语言 English as a Second Language)

  ESL是英语作为第二语言的首字母缩写,是指英语非母语的学生对英语的使用和学习。ESL教师是高度熟练,并有专业证书的人士,明白英语非母语的学生的学习需求。

  ESL is an acronym for English as a Second Language. ESL refers to the use or study of English by speakers with a different native language. ESL teachers are highly skilled, certificated professionals who understand what students who are not native English speakers need to learn English.


  室内运动场 Fieldhouse

  室内运动场是一个术语,描述可以进行篮球、冰球和其它室内运动的场地。 许多寄宿制学校的室内运动场和其他体育设施可以和高校相竞争。周三下午和周六全天一般寄宿学校中规定的体育运动时间。

  A fieldhouse is a term which describes an indoor sports arena where basketball, ice hockey and other indoor sports are held. The fieldhouses and other athletic facilities at many boarding schools rival those found at many colleges and universities. Wednesday afternoons and all day Saturday are set aside for sports as a rule in boarding schools.


  GPA(平均学分绩点 Grade Point Average)

  室内运动场是一个术语,描述可以进行篮球、冰球和其它室内运动的场地。 许多寄宿制学校的室内运动场和其他体育设施可以和高校相竞争。周三下午和周六全天一般寄宿学校中规定的体育运动时间。

  GPA是 平均学分绩点首字母缩写,是北美最常用的一个教育词汇。在美国,成绩一般用字母来表示:A(最高等级,优秀),B(高于平均水平),C(平均),D(通常是最低及格线)和F(不及格)。此外,多数学校计算出 学生的平均成绩点数(GPA),给每个字母等级分配一个数字,用数学公式算出代表学生成绩的数值。一般来说,美国学校中数值为4.0等同于于A级。 在指定的课程中要获得特定的成绩所需的比例,以及GPA的分配每所学校都不一样。最普遍和常见的等级换算表如下:

  GPA is an acronym for Grade Point Average, an educational term most commonly used in North America. In the United States, grades are generally assigned by a letter: A (highest grade, excellent), B (above average), C (average), D (usually the minimum passing grade), and F (fail). Additionally, most schools will calculate a student's grade point average (GPA) by assigning each letter grade a number and using a mathematical formula to come up with a numerical representation of a student's work. Generally, American schools equate an A with a numerical value of 4.0. The percentage needed in any given coursework needed to achieve a certain grade and the assignment of GPA point values varies from one school to another.


  校长 Headmaster

  校长是一个英国用语,指一所高中的校长或者主要行政长官。常用于较为古老和传统的学校。

  Headmaster or the head teacher is a British term for a high school principal or chief administrator of a high school. It is commonly used in older, more traditional schools.


  荣誉课程 Honors courses

  荣誉课程为优秀的、自主性强的学生提供更为严格和深入的课程,主要开设在高中部,通常对高一至高三的学生开放。要注册一门荣誉课程,学生通常需要在相同科目的基础课程中表现出才能、学习动力和优秀的成绩纪录。这些课程为优秀的学生提供机会,在学校环境中得到发展。因为荣誉课程的要求更为严格,许多学校在计算平均成绩点的时候,给这些课程的得分略高。这可以让学生获得超出理论上的最高分4.0以上的平均成绩,这可以在申请大学时用来表明学生高层次的技巧和能力。

  Honors courses are classes which offer more rigorous and in-depth coursework to especially talented and driven students. They are classically offered in the high school environment, and they are usually open to sophomores, juniors, and seniors. In order to sign up for an honors course, a student typically will need to demonstrate talent, motivation, and a strong record in basic courses in the same subject. These classes can offer bright students a chance to flourish in the school environment.In recognition of the fact that honors courses can be more demanding, many schools weight their honors courses in calculations of grade point average, scoring these classes slightly higher. This can allow especially motivated students to climb above the theoretically top 4.0 grade point average, which can be utilized as an example of the student's high level of skill。

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